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nerve

[nurv]
noun
1.
one or more bundles of fibers forming part of a system that conveys impulses of sensation, motion, etc., between the brain or spinal cord and other parts of the body.
2.
a sinew or tendon: to strain every nerve.
3.
firmness or courage under trying circumstances: an assignment requiring nerve.
4.
boldness; audacity; impudence; impertinence: He had the nerve to say that?
5.
nerves, nervousness: an attack of nerves.
6.
strength, vigor, or energy: a test of nerve and stamina.
7.
(not in technical use) pulp tissue of a tooth.
8.
Botany. a vein, as in a leaf.
9.
a line, or one of a system of lines, extending across something.
verb (used with object), nerved, nerving.
10.
to give strength, vigor, or courage to: Encouragement had nerved him for the struggle.
Idioms
11.
get on one's nerves, to irritate, annoy, or provoke one: Boisterous children get on my nerves.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English: nerve, tendon < Latin nervus sinew, tendon; akin to Greek neûron (see neuron); replacing Middle English nerf < Middle French < Latin, as above


3. steadfastness, intrepidity, fortitude, resolution. 6. power, force, might. 10. strengthen, fortify, invigorate, steel, brace.


6. weakness. 10. weaken.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
nerve (nɜːv)
 
n
1.  any of the cordlike bundles of fibres that conduct sensory or motor impulses between the brain or spinal cord and another part of the bodyRelated: neural
2.  courage, bravery, or steadfastness
3.  lose one's nerve to become timid, esp failing to perform some audacious act
4.  informal boldness or effrontery; impudence: he had the nerve to swear at me
5.  muscle or sinew (often in the phrase strain every nerve)
6.  a large vein in a leaf
7.  any of the veins of an insect's wing
8.  touch a nerve, touch a raw nerve, hit a nerve, hit a raw nerve, strike a nerve, strike a raw nerve to mention or bring to mind a sensitive issue or subject
 
vb
9.  to give courage to (oneself); steel (oneself)
10.  to provide with nerve or nerves
 
Related: neural
 
[C16: from Latin nervus; related to Greek neuron; compare Sanskrit snāvan sinew]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nerve
late 14c., nerf "sinew, tendon," from M.L. nervus "nerve," from L. nervus "sinew, tendon," metathesis of pre-L. *neuros, from PIE *(s)neu- (cf. Skt. snavan- "band, sinew," Arm. neard "sinew," Gk. neuron "sinew, tendon," in Galen "nerve"). Sense of "fibers that convey impulses between the brain and the
body" is from c.1600. Figurative sense of "feeling, courage" is first attested c.1600; that of "courage, boldness" is from 1809; "impudence, cheek" is 1887. Nerves "nervousness" is attested from 1839; to get on someone's nerves is from 1903. War of nerves "psychological warfare" is from 1940. Nervy "full of courage" is from 1882.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nerve (nûrv)
n.

  1. Any of the cordlike bundles of nervous tissue made up of myelinated or unmyelinated nerve fibers and held together by a connective tissue sheath through which sensory stimuli and motor impulses pass between the brain or other parts of the central nervous system and the eyes, glands, muscles, and other parts of the body.

  2. The sensitive tissue in the pulp of a tooth.

  3. nerves Nervous agitation caused by fear, anxiety, or stress.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nerve   (nûrv)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of the bundles of fibers made up of neurons that carry sensory and motor information throughout the body in the form of electrical impulses. Afferent nerves carry information to the central nervous system, and efferent nerves carry information from the central nervous system to the muscles, organs, and glands. Efferent nerves include the nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which control voluntary motor activity and of the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary motor activity.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

nerve definition


A bundle of fibers composed of neurons that connects the body parts and organs to the central nervous system and carries impulses from one part of the body to another.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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