island located in Bombay Harbour of the Arabian Sea, about 6 miles (10 km) east of Bombay (Mumbai) city and 2 miles (3 km) west of the mainland coast of Maharashtra state, western India. Elephanta Island has an area of 4-6 square miles (10-16 square km), varying with the tide. In the early 16th century Portuguese navigators named the island Ilha Elefante (Elephant Island) in reference to a large stone elephant that was found there; the statue was later moved to Victoria Gardens (now called Jijamata Udyan), Bombay. The island's Hindi name, Gharapuri, derives from a small village at its southern end

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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