yarn-dyed, plain-weave cotton fabric, usually striped or checked.

1605–15; < Dutch gingang < Malay gəŋgaŋ, giŋgaŋ with space between, hence, striped Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gingham (ˈɡɪŋəm)
 a.  a cotton fabric, usually woven of two coloured yarns in a checked or striped design
 b.  (as modifier): a gingham dress
[C17: from French guingan, from Malay ginggang striped cloth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1615, from Du. gingang, traders' rendering of a Malay word said to be ginggang "striped," used as a noun with the sense of "striped cotton."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


plain-woven fabric, originally made completely of cotton fibres but later also of man-made fibres, which derives its colour and pattern effects from carded or combed yarns. The name comes from the Malay word genggang, meaning "striped," and thence from the French guingan, used by the Bretons to signify cloth made from striped colouring. Medium or fine yarns of varying quality are used to obtain the plain, checked, or striped effects. The warp and the weft, or filling, may be the same, even-sided and balanced

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The company's newest materials include soft pastel velvet, gingham and vintage alphabet patterns.
Pay for the meal and carry it to an adjoining room where soft light filters through red-checked gingham curtains.
Though no cooking is required of her, she ties a gingham apron around her tiny waist the second she arrives.
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