ginkgo

[ging-koh, jing-]
noun, plural ginkgoes.
a large shade tree, Ginkgo biloba, native to China, having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy seeds with edible kernels: the sole surviving species of the gymnosperm family Ginkgoaceae, which thrived in the Jurassic Period, and existing almost exclusively in cultivation.
Also, gingko.
Also called maidenhair-tree.


Origin:
1765–75; < NL representation of Japanese ginkyō, equivalent to gin silver (< Chinese) + kyō apricot (< Chin)

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ginkgo or gingko (ˈɡɪŋkɡəʊ, ˈɡɪŋkəʊ)
 
n , pl -goes, -koes
Also called: maidenhair tree a widely planted ornamental Chinese gymnosperm tree, Ginkgo biloba, with fan-shaped deciduous leaves and fleshy yellow fruit: phylum Ginkgophyta. It is used in herbal remedies and as a food supplement
 
[C18: from Japanese ginkyō, from Ancient Chinese yin silver + hang apricot]
 
gingko or gingko
 
n
 
[C18: from Japanese ginkyō, from Ancient Chinese yin silver + hang apricot]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

ginkgo
1773, from Japanese ginkyo, from Chinese yin-hing, from yin "silver" + hing "apricot" (Sino-Japanese kyo). Introduced to New World 1784 by William Hamilton in his garden near Philadelphia. One was planted 1789 at Pierce Arboretum (now part of Longwood Gardens) in Kennett Square, Pa., and by 1968 it was
105 ft. tall.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
ginkgo also gingko   (gĭng'kō)  Pronunciation Key 
A deciduous, dioecious tree (Ginkgo biloba) which is the sole surviving member of the Ginkgoales, an order of gymnosperms that was extremely widespread in the Mesozoic era. It belongs to a genus which has changed very little since the end of the Jurassic period. The tree, a native of China, has fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellowish seeds containing a edible kernel. Ginkgoes are often grown as ornamental street trees.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Then the street was adorned with columnar gingko trees and contemporary street lamps.
Although the risks for gingko appear to be low, there is an increased risk for bleeding at high doses.
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