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ginseng

[jin-seng] /ˈdʒɪn sɛŋ/
noun
1.
any of several plants of the genus Panax, especially P. pseudoginseng, of eastern Asia, or P. qinquefolius, of North America, having an aromatic root used medicinally.
2.
the root itself.
3.
a preparation made from it.
Also, genseng.
Origin
1645-1655
1645-55; < Chinese (Wade-Giles) jên2 shên1, (Pinyin) rén-shēn, equivalent to rén man + shēn name for a kind of herb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ginsengs

ginseng

/ˈdʒɪnsɛŋ/
noun
1.
either of two araliaceous plants, Panax schinseng of China or P. quinquefolius of North America, whose forked aromatic roots are used medicinally
2.
the root of either of these plants or a substance obtained from the roots, believed to possess stimulant, tonic, and energy-giving properties
Word Origin
C17: from Mandarin Chinese jen shen, from jen man (from a resemblance of the roots to human legs) + shen ginseng
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ginsengs

ginseng

n.

1690s, from Chinese jen-shen. First element means "man," but the meaning of the second is obscure.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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