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girandole

[jir-uh n-dohl] /ˈdʒɪr ənˌdoʊl/
noun
1.
a rotating and radiating firework.
2.
an ornate bracket for candelabra or the like, sometimes with a reflecting mirror at the back of the shelf.
3.
a brooch or earring consisting of a central ornament with usually three smaller ornaments hanging from it.
Also, girandola
[ji-ran-dl-uh] /dʒɪˈræn dl ə/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1625-1635
1625-35; < French < Italian girandola, derivative of girare to turn in a circle < Latin gȳrāre, derivative of gȳrus a circle < Greek gŷros
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for girandola

girandole

/ˈdʒɪrənˌdəʊl/
noun
1.
an ornamental branched wall candleholder, usually incorporating a mirror
2.
an earring or pendant having a central gem surrounded by smaller ones
3.
a kind of revolving firework
4.
(artillery) a group of connected mines
Word Origin
C17: from French, from Italian girandola, from girare to revolve, from Latin gӯrāre to gyrate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for girandola

girandole

n.

1630s, a type of fireworks; 1825 as a type of earring or pendant, from French girandole, from Italian girandola, diminutive of giranda "a revolving jet," from Latin gyrandus, gerundive of gyrare "to turn round in a circle, revolve" (see gyration).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for girandola

girandole

elaborate wall bracket incorporating one or more candleholders and frequently a mirror to reflect the light. An object of luxury, it was usually embellished with carving and gilding. Although the name is Italian in origin, girandoles reached the greatest heights of fashion (in the second half of the 18th century) in France and England. At the beginning of this period they represented the most exuberant expression of the Rococo

Learn more about girandole with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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