unitary authority, east-central North Island, New Zealand. The authority includes the eastern side of East Cape (the easternmost promontory of North Island), most of the Raukumara Range, and the Waipaoa and Mata rivers. Gisborne is bounded by the Bay of Plenty regional council to the west and by the Pacific Ocean to the north and east. The cape was the first landing site of Europeans in New Zealand; the British navigator Capt. James Cook anchored in Poverty Bay near modern Gisborne city in 1769. A relatively remote area, Gisborne has remained an important centre of Maori settlement
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