follow Dictionary.com

What is the X in X-mas?

gladiolus

[glad-ee-oh-luh s] /ˌglæd iˈoʊ ləs/
noun, plural gladiolus, gladioli
[glad-ee-oh-lahy] /ˌglæd iˈoʊ laɪ/ (Show IPA),
gladioluses for 1; gladioli for 2.
1.
any plant of the genus Gladiolus, of the iris family, native especially to Africa, having erect, sword-shaped leaves and spikes of flowers in a variety of colors.
2.
Anatomy. the middle and largest segment of the sternum.
Compare manubrium (def 2a), xiphisternum.
Origin
1560-1570
1560-70; < Latin: small sword, sword lily, equivalent to gladi(us) sword + -olus -ole1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for gladioli

gladiolus

/ˌɡlædɪˈəʊləs/
noun (pl) -lus, -li (-laɪ), -luses
1.
Also called sword lily, gladiola. any iridaceous plant of the widely cultivated genus Gladiolus, having sword-shaped leaves and spikes of funnel-shaped brightly coloured flowers
2.
(anatomy) the large central part of the breastbone
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: a small sword, sword lily, from gladius a sword
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for gladioli

gladiolus

n.

c.1000, from Latin gladiolus "wild iris," literally "small sword," diminutive of gladius "sword" (see gladiator); so called by Pliny in reference to the plant's sword-shaped leaves. The Old English form of the word was gladdon. Form gladiol is attested mid-15c.; the modern use perhaps represents a 1560s reborrowing from Latin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
gladioli in Medicine

gladiolus glad·i·o·lus (glād'ē-ō'ləs)
n. pl. glad·i·o·lus·es or glad·i·o·li (-lī)
The large middle section of the sternum.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for gladiolus

Few English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for gladioli

10
13
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for gladioli