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glaucophane

[glaw-kuh-feyn] /ˈglɔ kəˌfeɪn/
noun
1.
a sodium-rich monoclinic mineral of the amphibole family, usually metamorphic.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; glauco- + -phane
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for glaucophane
  • Includes coarse-grained gabbro, diabase and altered equivalents which locally are garnet-glaucophane rocks.
glaucophane in Science
glaucophane
  (glou'kə-fān')   
A blue to grayish-blue or bluish-black monoclinic mineral of the amphibole group. Glaucophane occurs as fibrous prisms in schists (especially blueschists) formed by the regional metamorphism of sodium-rich rocks. Chemical formula: Na2(Mg,Fe)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for glaucophane

common amphibole mineral, a sodium, magnesium, and aluminum silicate that occurs only in crystalline schists formed from sodium-rich rocks by low-grade metamorphism characteristic of subduction zones. Glaucophane typically occurs in folded rocks associated with blueschists. Both ferrous and ferric iron are replaced by magnesium and aluminum in the crystal structure to form riebeckite. For chemical formula and detailed physical properties, see amphibole (table)

Learn more about glaucophane with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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