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gloom

[gloom] /glum/
noun
1.
total or partial darkness; dimness.
2.
a state of melancholy or depression; low spirits.
3.
a despondent or depressed look or expression.
verb (used without object)
4.
to appear or become dark, dim, or somber.
5.
to look sad, dismal, or dejected; frown.
verb (used with object)
6.
to fill with gloom; make gloomy or sad; sadden.
7.
to make dark or somber.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English gloumben, glomen to frown, perhaps representing Old English *glūmian (akin to early German gläumen to make turbid); see glum
Related forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
outgloom, verb (used with object)
undergloom, noun
ungloom, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. shadow, shade, obscurity. 2. dejection, despondency, sadness.
Antonyms
1. brightness. 2. cheerfulness.

glooms

[gloomz] /glumz/
plural noun
1.
the blues; melancholy (usually preceded by the).
Origin
1735-45; see gloom, -s3
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for gloom
  • Depression: a mental state characterized by sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy.
  • My doom and gloom colleagues really brought me down.
  • It was an impressive drop, free fall all the way with light rays penetrating down into the gloom.
  • The unnatural gloom is believed to have been caused by smoke from forest fires, possibly coupled with heavy fog.
  • Until, that is, a strange figure stumbles towards you through the gloom.
  • However, the news is not all doom and gloom by a long shot.
  • Far bigger shapes bulked where the blue turned to gloom.
  • The deepening gloom about the economy may well warrant such an aggressive response.
  • But the story of our ocean isn't all doom and gloom.
  • These shifts all push government-bond yields up, but they are a cause for cheer rather than gloom.
British Dictionary definitions for gloom

gloom

/ɡluːm/
noun
1.
partial or total darkness
2.
a state of depression or melancholy
3.
an appearance or expression of despondency or melancholy
4.
(poetic) a dim or dark place
verb
5.
(intransitive) to look sullen or depressed
6.
to make or become dark or gloomy
Derived Forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
Word Origin
C14 gloumben to look sullen; related to Norwegian dialect glome to eye suspiciously
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gloom

c.1300 as a verb, "to look sullen or displeased," perhaps from Scandinavian (cf. Norwegian dialectal glome "to stare somberly"). Not considered to be related to Old English glom "twilight," but perhaps to Middle Low German glum "turbid," Dutch gluren "to leer." The noun is 1590s in Scottish, "sullen look," from the verb. Sense of "darkness, obscurity" is first recorded 1629 in Milton's poetry; that of "melancholy" is 1744 (gloomy in this sense is attested from 1580s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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