glottal stop

glottal stop

noun Phonetics.
1.
a plosive consonant whose occlusion and release are accomplished chiefly at the glottis, as in the Scottish articulation of the t- sound of little, bottle, etc.
2.
a stop consonant, without release, having glottal occlusion as a secondary articulation, as in yep for yes, nope for no.
Also called glottal.


Origin:
1885–90

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
glottal stop
 
n
a plosive speech sound produced as the sudden onset of a vowel in several languages, such as German, by first tightly closing the glottis and then allowing the air pressure to build up in the trachea before opening the glottis, causing the air to escape with force

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

glottal stop

in phonetics, a momentary check on the airstream caused by closing the glottis (the space between the vocal cords) and thereby stopping the vibration of the vocal cords. Upon release, there is a slight choke, or coughlike explosive sound. The glottal stop is not a separate phoneme (or distinctive sound) in English, though it is one of the allophones of the t phoneme in some dialects (as in Cockney or Brooklynese "bo'l" for "bottle"). It functions as a phoneme in numerous other languages, however, such as Arabic and many American Indian languages. The process of momentary partial or complete closure of the glottis is known as glottalization. The closure may occur slightly before the primary articulation, simultaneously with it, or slightly after it. Several African and American Indian languages have glottalized stops and sibilants, and many languages also have glottalized vowels.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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