glycerin

[glis-er-in]
noun Chemistry.
Also, glycerine [glis-er-in, -uh-reen, glis-uh-reen] .


Origin:
1830–40; < French glycérine, equivalent to Greek glyker(ós) sweet + -ine -in2

Dictionary.com Unabridged

glycerol

[glis-uh-rawl, -rol]
noun
a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C 3 H 8 O 3 , usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and preserving food, in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes, inks, and certain glues and cements, as a solvent and automobile antifreeze, and in medicine in suppositories and skin emollients.
Also called glycerin, glycerine.


Origin:
1880–85; glycer(in) + -ol1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To glycerine
Collins
World English Dictionary
glycerine or glycerin (ˈɡlɪsərɪn, ˌɡlɪsəˈriːn, ˈɡlɪsərɪn)
 
n
another name (not in technical usage) for glycerol
 
[C19: from French glycérine, from Greek glukeros sweet + -ine-in; related to Greek glukus sweet]
 
glycerin or glycerin
 
n
 
[C19: from French glycérine, from Greek glukeros sweet + -ine-in; related to Greek glukus sweet]

glycerol (ˈɡlɪsəˌrɒl)
 
n
glycerine, Also called (not in technical usage): glycerin a colourless or pale yellow odourless sweet-tasting syrupy liquid; 1,2,3-propanetriol: a by-product of soap manufacture, used as a solvent, antifreeze, plasticizer, and sweetener (E422). Formula: C3H8O3
 
[C19: from glycer(ine) + -ol1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

glycerin
1838, from Fr. glycérine, coined by Fr. chemist Michel-Eugène Chevreul (1786-1889), from Gk. glykeros "sweet." So called for its taste.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

glycerin glyc·er·in or glyc·er·ine (glĭs'ər-ĭn)
n.
Glycerol or a preparation of glycerol.

glycerol glyc·er·ol (glĭs'ə-rôl', -rōl')
n.
A sweet syrupy fluid obtained by the saponification of fats and fixed oils, used as a solvent, a skin emollient, and as a vehicle and sweetening agent; it is also used by injection or in suppository form for constipation and orally to reduce ocular tension.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
glycerin also glycerine   (glĭs'ər-ĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
See glycerol.
glycerol   (glĭs'ə-rôl')  Pronunciation Key 
A sweet, syrupy liquid obtained from animal fats and oils or by the fermentation of glucose. It is used as a solvent, sweetener, and antifreeze and in making explosives and soaps. Glycerol consists of a propane molecule attached to three hydroxyl (OH) groups. Also called glycerin, glycerine. Chemical formula: C3H8O3.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Three alternatives to glycerine oleate are discussed below.
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature