the act of leaving or departing; departure: a safe going and quick return.
the condition of surfaces, as those of roads, for walking or driving: After the heavy rain, the going was bad.
progress; advancement: With such slow going, the work is behind schedule.
Usually, goings. behavior; conduct; deportment.
moving or working, as machinery.
active, alive, or existing.
continuing to operate or do business, especially in a successful manner: a going company.
current; prevalent; usual: What is the going price of good farmland in this area?
leaving; departing.
get going, to begin; get started.
going away, Sports. by a wide margin, especially as established in the late stages of a contest: The champion won the bout going away.
going on,
nearly; almost: It's going on four o'clock.
happening: What's going on here?
continuing; lasting: That party has been going on all night.

1250–1300; Middle English; see go1, -ing1, -ing2

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
going (ˈɡəʊɪŋ)
1.  a departure or farewell
2.  the condition of a surface such as a road or field with regard to walking, riding, etc: muddy going
3.  informal speed, progress, etc: we made good going on the trip
4.  thriving (esp in the phrase a going concern)
5.  current or accepted, as from past negotiations or commercial operation: the going rate for electricians; the going value of the firm
6.  (postpositive) available: the best going
7.  going, going, gone! a statement by an auctioneer that the bidding has finished

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. gan "to go," from W.Gmc. *gai-/*gæ- (cf. O.Fris. gan, M.Du. gaen, Ger. gehen), from PIE *ghei-, perhaps connected to Skt. jihite "goes away," Gk. kikhano "I reach, meet with," but there is not general agreement on cognates. The O.E. past tense was eode, of uncertain origin but evidently
once a different word (perhaps connected to Goth. iddja); it was replaced 1400s by went, formerly past tense of wenden "to direct one's way" (see wend). In northern England and Scotland, however, eode tended to be replaced by gaed, a construction based on go. In modern English, only be and go take their past tenses from entirely different verbs. The word in its various forms and combinations takes up 45 columns of close print in the OED. The noun sense of "a try or turn at something" is from 1825; meaning "something that goes, a success" is from 1876. Verbal meaning "say" emerged 1960s in teen slang. Going to "be about to" is from late 15c. Go for broke is from 1951, Amer.Eng. colloquial; go down on "perform oral sex on" is from 1916. That goes without saying (1878) translates Fr. cela va sans dire. Phrase on the go "in constant motion" is from 1843; go-between is 1598; go-getter is 1910, Amer.Eng., but goer, with essentially the same meaning, is late 14c. Goner "something dead or about to die" is first recorded 1850.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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