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[goi-ter] /ˈgɔɪ tər/
noun, Pathology
an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, especially hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet.
Also, especially British, goitre.
1615-25; < French goitreLatin guttur throat Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for goiter
  • Toxic nodular goiter arises from an existing simple goiter.
  • If you are diagnosed with a thyroid goiter, you may need medication or surgery to remove it.
  • This is not a true goiter, which is caused by the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
British Dictionary definitions for goiter


(pathol) a swelling of the thyroid gland, in some cases nearly doubling the size of the neck, usually caused by under- or overproduction of hormone by the gland
Derived Forms
goitred, (US) goitered, adjective
goitrous, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from French goitre, from Old French goitron, ultimately from Latin guttur throat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for goiter

1620s, from French goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from Old Provençal goitron "throat, gullet," from Vulgar Latin *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from Latin guttur "throat" (see guttural).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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goiter in Medicine

goiter goi·ter (goi'tər)
A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.

goi'trous (-trəs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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goiter in Science
An enlarged thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck. It is often associated with thyroid disease, especially in areas of the world outside of North America where iodine deficiency is endemic.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for goiter


Related Terms

milwaukee goiter

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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