|g a metric unit of mass equal to one thousandth of a kilogram. It is equivalent to 15.432 grains or 0.002 205 pounds|
|[C18: from French gramme, from Late Latin gramma, from Greek: small weight, from graphein to write]|
|1.||any of several leguminous plants, such as the beans Phaseolus mungo (black gram or urd) and P. aureus (green gram), whose seeds are used as food in India|
|2.||the seed of any of these plants|
|[C18: from Portuguese gram (modern spelling grão), from Latin grānum|
Abbr. g, gm., gr.
A metric unit of mass equal to 15.432 grains, one thousandth (10-3) of a kilogram, or 0.035 ounce.
Gram (grām, gräm), Hans Christian Joachim. 1853-1938.
Danish physician who developed (1884) Gram's stain as a method of distinguishing types of bacteria.
A unit of mass in the metric system, equal to 0.001 kilogram or 0.035 ounce. See Table at measurement.
Danish bacteriologist who in 1884 developed a method of staining bacteria, called Gram's stain or Gram's dye, that is used to identify and classify bacteria, often from samples of infected body fluids. The classification, called gram-negative or gram-positive, can be useful in the initial selection of antibiotics to treat the infection.