|a number between 1 and 19, used to indicate the position of any year in the Metonic cycle, calculated as the remainder when 1 is added to the given year and the sum is divided by 19. If the remainder is zero the number is 19: the golden number of 1984 is 9|
|Main Entry:||golden number|
|Part of Speech:||n|
|Definition:||See golden ratio|
in chronology, the position of a solar, or calendar, year within the 19-year Metonic cycle (q.v.) after which the phases of the Moon recur on the same dates. The sequence of golden numbers, used in fixing the date of Easter, begins at one at each year in which the New Moon occurs on January 1 (e.g., 1995 and 2014).
Learn more about golden number with a free trial on Britannica.com.