Golgotha

Golgotha

[gol-guh-thuh]
noun
1.
a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; Calvary.
2.
a place of suffering or sacrifice.
3.
a place of burial.
Also, golgotha (for defs 2, 3).


Origin:
1585–95; < Latin (Vulgate) < Greek golgothá < Aramaic gulgaltā, akin to Hebrew gulgōleth skull

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Golgotha (ˈɡɒlɡəθə)
 
n
1.  another name for Calvary
2.  rare (sometimes not capital) a place of burial
 
[C17: from Late Latin, from Greek, from Aramaic, based on Hebrew gulgōleth skull]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Golgotha
"hill near Jerusalem," via L. and Gk., from Aramaic gulgulta, lit. "place of the skull," from Heb. gulgoleth "skull." So called in reference to its shape (see Calvary).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Golgotha [(gol-guh-thuh, gol-goth-uh)]

The ancient name for Calvary.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Golgotha definition


the common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull" (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). This name represents in Greek letters the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth (Num. 1:2; 1 Chr. 23:3, 24; 2 Kings 9:35), meaning "a skull." It is identical with the word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull. It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot outside the gate (comp. Heb. 13:12), and near the city (Luke 23:26), containing a "garden" (John 19:41), and on a thoroughfare leading into the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre." The hillock above Jeremiah's Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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