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Golgotha

[gol-guh-thuh] /ˈgɒl gə θə/
noun
1.
a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified; Calvary.
2.
a place of suffering or sacrifice.
3.
a place of burial.
Also, golgotha (for defs 2, 3).
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < Latin (Vulgate) < Greek golgothá < Aramaic gulgaltā, akin to Hebrew gulgōleth skull
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Golgotha

Golgotha

/ˈɡɒlɡəθə/
noun
1.
another name for Calvary
2.
(sometimes not capital) (rare) a place of burial
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin, from Greek, from Aramaic, based on Hebrew gulgōleth skull
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Golgotha

hill near Jerusalem, via Latin and Greek, from Aramaic gulgulta, literally "(place of the) skull," cognate with Hebrew gulgoleth "skull." So called in reference to its shape (see Calvary).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Golgotha in Culture
Golgotha [(gol-guh-thuh, gol-goth-uh)]

The ancient name for Calvary.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Golgotha in the Bible

the common name of the spot where Jesus was crucified. It is interpreted by the evangelists as meaning "the place of a skull" (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). This name represents in Greek letters the Aramaic word Gulgaltha, which is the Hebrew Gulgoleth (Num. 1:2; 1 Chr. 23:3, 24; 2 Kings 9:35), meaning "a skull." It is identical with the word Calvary (q.v.). It was a little knoll rounded like a bare skull. It is obvious from the evangelists that it was some well-known spot outside the gate (comp. Heb. 13:12), and near the city (Luke 23:26), containing a "garden" (John 19:41), and on a thoroughfare leading into the country. Hence it is an untenable idea that it is embraced within the present "Church of the Holy Sepulchre." The hillock above Jeremiah's Grotto, to the north of the city, is in all probability the true site of Calvary. The skull-like appearance of the rock in the southern precipice of the hillock is very remarkable.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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