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gonfalon

[gon-fuh-luh n] /ˈgɒn fə lən/
noun
1.
a banner suspended from a crossbar, often with several streamers or tails.
2.
a standard, especially one used by the medieval Italian republics.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; < Italian gonfalone < Middle French gonfalon, gonfanon < Germanic; see gonfanon
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gonfalon

gonfalon

/ˈɡɒnfələn/
noun
1.
a banner hanging from a crossbar, used esp by certain medieval Italian republics or in ecclesiastical processions
2.
a battle flag suspended crosswise on a staff, usually having a serrated edge to give the appearance of streamers
Word Origin
C16: from Old Italian gonfalone, from Old French gonfalon, of Germanic origin; compare Old English gūthfana war banner, Old Norse gunnfani
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gonfalon

1590s, variant of Middle English gonfanon (c.1300), from Old French gonfanon "knight's pennon" (12c.), from Old High German guntfano "battle flag," from Proto-Germanic *gunthja- "war," from PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill" (see bane) + *fano "banner" (cf. Gothic fana "cloth"). Cognate with Old English guþfana, Old Norse gunnfani. Change of -n- to -l- by dissimilation.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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