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any of about 12 species of anglerfishes of the family Lophiidae (order Lophiiformes), found in warm and temperate seas around the world. Goosefishes are soft and flabby with wide, flattened heads and slender, tapering bodies. They may grow to a maximum length and weight of about 1.8 metres (6 feet) and 34 kilograms (75 pounds). They have very large mouths and large, sharp teeth. Their heads are topped by a row of three isolated dorsal fin spines, the first of which is formed into a "fishing pole" tipped by a fleshy "bait," structures characteristic of all anglerfishes.