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gooseberry garnet

noun, Mineralogy

grossularite

[gros-yuh-luh-rahyt] /ˈgrɒs yə ləˌraɪt/
noun
1.
a mineral, calcium aluminum garnet, Ca 3 Al 2 Si 3 O 12 , occurring in gray-white to pinkish crystals.
Also, grossular
[gros-yuh-ler] /ˈgrɒs yə lər/ (Show IPA)
.
Also called gooseberry garnet.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; < Neo-Latin grossulār(ia) gooseberry (irregular < French groseille) + -ite1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gooseberry-garnet

grossularite

/ˈɡrɒsjʊləˌraɪt/
noun
1.
a green or greenish-grey garnet, used as a gemstone. Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3 Also called gooseberry stone
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin grossulāria gooseberry, from Old French grosele + -ite1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for gooseberry-garnet

gooseberry garnet

a calcium aluminum garnet that sometimes resembles the gooseberry fruit. It can be colourless (when pure), white, yellow, brown, red, or green. Massive greenish grossular, though only superficially resembling jade, is sometimes marketed under the name South African, or Transvaal, jade in an attempt to increase its selling price. Nearly all grossular used for faceted gems is orange to reddish brown. The reddish brown material is called cinnamon stone, or hessonite. Grossular typically exhibits internal swirls, which help to distinguish it from spessartine, which is clear. It is ordinarily found in metamorphic rocks. See also garnet.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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16
17
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