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govern

[guhv-ern] /ˈgʌv ərn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to rule over by right of authority:
to govern a nation.
2.
to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide:
the motives governing a decision.
3.
to hold in check; control:
to govern one's temper.
4.
to serve as or constitute a law for:
the principles governing a case.
5.
Grammar. to be regularly accompanied by or require the use of (a particular form). In They helped us, the verb helped governs the objective case of the pronoun we.
6.
to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
verb (used without object)
7.
to exercise the function of government.
8.
to have predominating influence.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer
Related forms
governable, adjective
governability, governableness, noun
overgovern, verb (used with object)
regovern, verb (used with object)
supergovern, verb (used with object)
ungoverned, adjective
ungoverning, adjective
well-governed, adjective
Synonyms
1. reign. See rule. 2. control, sway, influence, conduct, supervise, superintend.
Antonyms
1. obey.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for governed
  • The people in these countries are mostly governed by dictators, thus reflecting their nation's mentality.
  • Economics is not math, and it is not governed by pure logic.
  • Tattooing was done in stages over many years and was governed by various taboos.
  • If pi was essential to the physical world, perhaps it somehow governed the markets.
  • In his model, the growth of leaf lobes is governed by the position of leaf veins.
  • Games that were governed by text are now being governed by chat, and it is subtly changing the feel of our virtual universe.
  • The lit areas showed the governed, stable, orderly parts of the planet.
  • For such tiny objects, the world is governed by a madhouse set of physical laws known as quantum mechanics.
  • In fact, it flows so freely that it approximates a perfect liquid, the kind governed by the standard laws of hydrodynamics.
  • Neutrinos are governed by weak interactions and gravitation.
British Dictionary definitions for governed

govern

/ˈɡʌvən/
verb (mainly transitive)
1.
(also intransitive) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2.
to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper
3.
to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports
4.
to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5.
to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6.
(of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them
Derived Forms
governable, adjective
governability, governableness, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for governed

govern

v.

late 13c., from Old French governer (11c., Modern French gouverner) "govern," from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern" (cf. Spanish gobernar, Italian governare), originally "to steer," a nautical borrowing from Greek kybernan "to steer or pilot a ship, direct" (the root of cybernetics). The -k- to -g- sound shift is perhaps via the medium of Etruscan. Related: Governed; governing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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