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"shoot inserted into another plant," late 15c. alteration of Middle English graff (late 14c.), from Old French graife "grafting knife, carving tool, stylus," from Latin graphium "stylus," from Greek grapheion "stylus," from graphein "to write" (see -graphy). So called probably on resemblance of a stylus to the pencil-shaped shoots used in grafting. The terminal -t- in the English word is not explained. Surgical sense is from 1871.
"corruption," 1865, perhaps 1859, American English, perhaps from graft (1) via British slang sense of "one's occupation" (1853), which seems to be from the word's original sense of "digging" (see graft (n.1)).
late 15c., from graft (n.1). Related: Grafted; grafting.
graft 1 (grāft)
v. graft·ed, graft·ing, grafts
To transplant or implant tissue surgically into a body part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect. n.
Material, especially living tissue or an organ, surgically attached to or inserted into a body part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
The procedure of implanting or transplanting such material.
The configuration or condition resulting from such a procedure.
In politics, the illegal acceptance of bribes by government officials.
the process of inoculating fruit-trees (Rom. 11:17-24). It is peculiarly appropriate to olive-trees. The union thus of branches to a stem is used to illustrate the union of true believers to the true Church.