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gramophone

[gram-uh-fohn] /ˈgræm əˌfoʊn/
noun
1.
a phonograph.
Origin
1887
1887; originally a trademark; apparently inversion of phonogram now obsolete name for a phonographic cylinder
Related forms
gramophonic
[gram-uh-fon-ik] /ˌgræm əˈfɒn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
gramophonical, adjective
gramophonically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gramophonical

gramophone

/ˈɡræməˌfəʊn/
noun
1.
  1. Also called acoustic gramophone. a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn US and Canadian name phonograph
  2. (as modifier): a gramophone record
2.
the technique and practice of recording sound on disc: the gramophone has made music widely available
Derived Forms
gramophonic (ˌɡræməˈfɒnɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C19: originally a trademark, perhaps based on an inversion of phonogram; see phono-, -gram
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gramophonical

Gramophone

n.

1887, trademark by German-born U.S. inventor Emil Berliner (1851-1929), an inversion of phonogram (1884) "the tracing made by a phonograph needle," coined from Greek phone "voice, sound" (see fame (n.)) + gramma "something written" (see grammar).

Berliner's machine used a flat disc and succeeded with the public. Edison's phonograph used a cylinder and did not. Despised by linguistic purists (Weekley calls gramophone "An atrocity formed by reversing phonogram") who tried to at least amend it to grammophone, it was replaced by record player after mid-1950s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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