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grating1

[grey-ting] /ˈgreɪ tɪŋ/
noun
1.
a fixed frame of bars or the like covering an opening to exclude persons, animals, coarse material, or objects while admitting light, air, or fine material.
2.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; grate1 + -ing1

grating2

[grey-ting] /ˈgreɪ tɪŋ/
adjective
1.
irritating or unpleasant to one's feelings.
2.
(of a sound or noise) harsh, discordant, or rasping.
Origin
1555-65; grate2 + -ing2
Related forms
gratingly, adverb

grate1

[greyt] /greɪt/
noun
1.
a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2.
a framework of parallel or crossed bars, used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
3.
a fireplace.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
4.
to furnish with a grate or grates.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crāt- (stem of crātis) wickerwork, hurdle; cf. crate
Related forms
grateless, adjective
gratelike, adjective

grate2

[greyt] /greɪt/
verb (used without object), grated, grating.
1.
to have an irritating or unpleasant effect:
His constant chatter grates on my nerves.
2.
to make a sound of, or as if of, rough scraping; rasp.
3.
to sound harshly; jar:
to grate on the ear.
4.
to scrape or rub with rough or noisy friction, as one thing on or against another.
verb (used with object), grated, grating.
5.
to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings:
to grate a carrot.
6.
to rub together with a harsh, jarring sound:
to grate one's teeth.
7.
to irritate or annoy.
8.
Archaic. to wear down or away by rough friction.
Origin
1375-1425; late Middle English graten < Old French grater < Germanic; compare German kratzen to scratch
Synonyms
7. vex, gall, nettle, irk, rile, bug.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for grating
  • Wash, trim and grate zucchini, using grating blade of food processor.
  • Wash, trim and grate the zucchini, using the grating blade of a food processor.
  • However the level at which adjuncts are paid for these duties is the grating condition.
  • Germans found his personality grating and his obsession with tax cuts off-putting.
  • Some of the raps are indeed angry and misogynistic, so grating that you have to close the book for a while.
  • Here are some music suggestions that the whole family can enjoy without any teeth grating by the parents.
  • It's so grating that the residents want to change the name.
  • But what's really grating is that they're not allowed to explain why the company is still worth watching.
  • TiVo acolytes won't mind, but others might find its rough edges a little grating.
  • He let it out in one big rush, followed by a few mildly grating coughs.
British Dictionary definitions for grating

grating1

/ˈɡreɪtɪŋ/
noun
1.
Also called grate. a framework of metal bars in the form of a grille set into a wall, pavement, etc, serving as a cover or guard but admitting air and sometimes light
2.

grating2

/ˈɡreɪtɪŋ/
adjective
1.
(of sounds) harsh and rasping
2.
annoying; irritating
noun
3.
(often pl) something produced by grating
Derived Forms
gratingly, adverb

grate1

/ɡreɪt/
verb
1.
(transitive) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots
2.
to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3.
(intransitive; foll by on or upon) to annoy
noun
4.
a harsh rasping sound
Word Origin
C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn

grate2

/ɡreɪt/
noun
1.
a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2.
a less common word for fireplace
3.
another name for grating1 (sense 1)
4.
(mining) a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
verb
5.
(transitive) to provide with a grate or grates
Word Origin
C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grating
adj.

"annoying, irritating," 1560s, figurative use of present participle adjective from grate (v.).

grate

n.

late 14c., "grill for cooking;" early 15c., "iron bars or cagework across a door or windows," from Anglo-Latin (mid-14c.), from Old French grate or directly from Medieval Latin grata "lattice," from Latin cratis "wickerwork, hurdle" (see hurdle). As a verb meaning "to fit with a grate," from mid-15c. Related: Grated; grating.

v.

"to scrape, rub," late 14c. (implied in grated), from Old French grater "to scrape" (Modern French gratter), from Frankish *kratton, from Proto-Germanic *krattojan (cf. Old High German krazzon "to scratch, scrape," German kratzen "to scratch," Swedish kratta, Danish kratte "to rake"), probably of imitative origin. Senses of "sound harshly," and "annoy" are mid-16c. Italian grattare also is from Germanic. Related: Grated; grating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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grating in the Bible

a network of brass for the bottom of the great altar of sacrifice (Ex. 27:4; 35:16; 38:4, 5, 30).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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