gravamen

[gruh-vey-muhn]
noun, plural gravamina [gruh-vam-uh-nuh] . Law.
1.
the part of an accusation that weighs most heavily against the accused; the substantial part of a charge or complaint.
2.
a grievance.

Origin:
1595–1605; < Late Latin: trouble, physical inconvenience, equivalent to Latin gravā(re) to load, weigh down (derivative of gravis heavy, burdened) + -men noun suffix

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gravamen (ɡrəˈveɪmɛn)
 
n , pl -vamina
1.  law that part of an accusation weighing most heavily against an accused
2.  law the substance or material grounds of a complaint
3.  a rare word for grievance
 
[C17: from Late Latin: trouble, from Latin gravāre to load, from gravis heavy; see grave²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

gravamen
"grievance," 1647, from L.L. gravamen "trouble, physical inconvenience," from gravare "to burden, aggravate," from gravis "heavy" (see grave (adj.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
In this case, the gravamen of plaintiff's complaint is the breach of defendants' duty of disclosure.
Here, the gravamen of defendants' argument is that the commissioner is required to revoke plaintiff's license.
The gravamen of plaintiff's claim is that defendants maligned plaintiff causing plaintiff damage.
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