|1.||a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstoneRelated: sepulchral|
|2.||something resembling a grave or resting place: the ship went to its grave|
|3.||the grave a poetic term for death|
|4.||informal have one foot in the grave to be near death|
|5.||to make someone turn in his grave, to make someone turn over in his grave to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead): many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave|
|[Old English græf; related to Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab, Old Slavonic grobǔ; see |
|1.||serious and solemn: a grave look|
|2.||full of or suggesting danger: a grave situation|
|3.||important; crucial: grave matters of state|
|4.||(of colours) sober or dull|
|a. (of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels|
|b. acute Compare circumflex of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd)|
|6.||a grave accent|
|[C16: from Old French, from Latin gravis; related to Greek barus heavy; see |
Serious or dangerous, as a symptom or disease.
Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities. Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries (Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16). There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings, and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.
(1.) Heb. hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered "graven," but generally means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest. (2.) Heb. harush. Jer. 17:1, rendered "graven," and indicates generally artistic work in metal, wood, and stone, effected by fine instruments. (3.) Heb. haqaq. Ezek. 4:1, engraving a plan or map, rendered "pourtray;" Job 19:23, "written." (4.) Heb. pasal points rather to the sculptor's or the carver's art (Isa. 30:22; 40:19; 41:7; 44:12-15). (5.) Pathah refers to intaglio work, the cutting and engraving of precious stones (Ex. 28:9-11, 21; Zech. 3:9; Cant. 1:10, 11). (6.) Heret. In Ex. 32:4 rendered "graving tool;" and in Isa. 8:1, "a pen."