3 [greyv]
verb (used with object), graved, graven or graved, graving.
to carve, sculpt, or engrave.
to impress deeply: graven on the mind.

before 1000; Middle English graven, Old English grafan; cognate with German graben

graver, noun Unabridged


4 [greyv]
verb (used with object), graved, graving. Nautical.
to clean and apply a protective composition of tar to (the bottom of a ship).

1425–75; late Middle English; perhaps akin to gravel Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
grave1 (ɡreɪv)
1.  a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstoneRelated: sepulchral
2.  something resembling a grave or resting place: the ship went to its grave
3.  the grave a poetic term for death
4.  informal have one foot in the grave to be near death
5.  to make someone turn in his grave, to make someone turn over in his grave to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead): many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave
Related: sepulchral
[Old English græf; related to Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab, Old Slavonic grobǔ; see grave³]

grave2 (ɡreɪv)
1.  serious and solemn: a grave look
2.  full of or suggesting danger: a grave situation
3.  important; crucial: grave matters of state
4.  (of colours) sober or dull
5.  phonetics
 a.  (of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels
 b.  acute Compare circumflex of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd)
6.  a grave accent
[C16: from Old French, from Latin gravis; related to Greek barus heavy; see gravamen]

grave3 (ɡreɪv)
vb , graves, graving, graved, graved, graven
1.  to cut, carve, sculpt, or engrave
2.  to fix firmly in the mind
[Old English grafan; related to Old Norse grafa, Old High German graban to dig]

grave4 (ɡreɪv)
(tr) nautical to clean and apply a coating of pitch to (the bottom of a vessel)
[C15: perhaps from Old French gravegravel]

grave5 (ˈɡrɑːvɪ)
adj, —adv
music to be performed in a solemn manner
[C17: from Italian: heavy, from Latin gravis]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. græf "grave, ditch," from P.Gmc. *graban (cf. O.S. graf, O.Fris. gref, O.H.G. grab "grave, tomb;" O.N. gröf "cave," Goth. graba "ditch"), from PIE base *ghrebh-/*ghrobh- "to dig, to scratch, to scrape" (cf. O.C.S. grobu "grave, tomb"); related to grafan "to dig" (see
grave (v.)). From Middle Ages to 17c., they were temporary, crudely marked repositories from which the bones were removed to ossuaries after some years and the grave used for a fresh burial. "Perpetual graves" became common from c.1650. To make (someone) turn in his grave "behave in some way that would have offended the dead person" is first recorded 1888. Graveyard shift "late-night work" is c.1907, from earlier nautical term, in reference to the loneliness of after-hours work.

1540s, from M.Fr. grave, from L. gravis "weighty, serious, heavy," from PIE base *gru- (cf. Skt. guruh "heavy, weighty;" Gk. baros "weight," barys "heavy in weight," often with the notion of "strength, force;" Goth. kaurus "heavy"). Greek barys (opposed to kouphos) also was used figuratively, of suffering,
sorrow, sobbing, and could mean "oppressive, burdensome, grave, dignified, impressive."

O.E. grafan (p.t. grof, pp. grafen) "to dig, carve," from P.Gmc. *grabanan (cf. O.N. grafa, O.Fris. greva, O.H.G. graban, Goth. graban "to dig, carve"), from the same source as grave (n.). Its M.E. strong pp., graven, is the only part still active, the rest of the word supplanted
by its derivative, engrave.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

grave (grāv)
Serious or dangerous, as a symptom or disease.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Grave definition

Among the ancient Hebrews graves were outside of cities in the open field (Luke 7:12; John 11:30). Kings (1 Kings 2:10) and prophets (1 Sam. 25:1) were generally buried within cities. Graves were generally grottoes or caves, natural or hewn out in rocks (Isa. 22:16; Matt. 27:60). There were family cemeteries (Gen. 47:29; 50:5; 2 Sam. 19:37). Public burial-places were assigned to the poor (Jer. 26:23; 2 Kings 23:6). Graves were usually closed with stones, which were whitewashed, to warn strangers against contact with them (Matt. 23:27), which caused ceremonial pollution (Num. 19:16). There were no graves in Jerusalem except those of the kings, and according to tradition that of the prophetess Huldah.

Graving definition

(1.) Heb. hatsabh. Job 19:24, rendered "graven," but generally means hewn stone or wood, in quarry or forest. (2.) Heb. harush. Jer. 17:1, rendered "graven," and indicates generally artistic work in metal, wood, and stone, effected by fine instruments. (3.) Heb. haqaq. Ezek. 4:1, engraving a plan or map, rendered "pourtray;" Job 19:23, "written." (4.) Heb. pasal points rather to the sculptor's or the carver's art (Isa. 30:22; 40:19; 41:7; 44:12-15). (5.) Pathah refers to intaglio work, the cutting and engraving of precious stones (Ex. 28:9-11, 21; Zech. 3:9; Cant. 1:10, 11). (6.) Heret. In Ex. 32:4 rendered "graving tool;" and in Isa. 8:1, "a pen."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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