Soil and location: The gray birch does best in a deep, rich soil, but will also grow in poor soils.
Every one can see at a glance the appropriateness of such terms as pale primrose, gray birch, and narrow bower.
Everything else may succumb, but it—it and the gray birch—will make shift to live.
Comparisons: The paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is apt to be confused with the gray birch, because both have a white bark.
Scrub oak and gray birch have taken their places, but do not fill them.
The black or sweet birch (Betula lenta) has a bark similar to the gray birch, except that its color is dark gray.