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greater Ionic

noun
1.
See under Ionic (def 2).

Ionic

[ahy-on-ik] /aɪˈɒn ɪk/
adjective
1.
Architecture. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders that in ancient Greece consisted of a fluted column with a molded base and a capital composed of four volutes, usually parallel to the architrave with a pulvinus connecting a pair on each side of the column, and an entablature typically consisting of an architrave of three fascias, a richly ornamented frieze, and a cornice corbeled out on egg-and-dart and dentil moldings, with the frieze sometimes omitted. Roman and Renaissance examples are often more elaborate, and usually set the volutes of the capitals at 45° to the architrave.
Compare composite (def 3), Corinthian (def 2), Doric (def 3), Tuscan (def 2).
2.
Prosody. noting or employing a foot consisting either of two long followed by two short syllables (greater Ionic) or of two short followed by two long syllables (lesser Ionic)
3.
noting or pertaining to that variety of the eastern branch of the early Greek alphabet that was used for the writing of the Ionic dialect and that became the variety used for all dialects of Greek from the 4th century b.c. to the present.
4.
of or relating to Ionia or the Ionians.
noun
5.
Prosody. an Ionic foot, verse, or meter.
6.
the dialect of ancient Greek spoken in Euboea, the Cyclades, and on the mainland of Asia Minor at Miletus and elsewhere.
7.
Trademark. a style of printing type.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; < Latin Iōnicus < Greek Iōnikós of Ionia; see -ic
Related forms
non-Ionic, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for greater Ionic

ionic

/aɪˈɒnɪk/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or occurring in the form of ions

Ionic

/aɪˈɒnɪk/
adjective
1.
of, denoting, or relating to one of the five classical orders of architecture, characterized by fluted columns and capitals with scroll-like ornaments See also Doric, composite (sense 4), Tuscan, Corinthian
2.
of or relating to Ionia, its inhabitants, or their dialect of Ancient Greek
3.
(prosody) of, relating to, designating, or employing Ionics in verse
noun
4.
one of four chief dialects of Ancient Greek; the dialect spoken in Ionia Compare Aeolic, Arcadic, Doric See also Attic (sense 3)
5.
(in classical prosody) a type of metrical foot having either two long followed by two short syllables (greater Ionic), or two short followed by two long syllables (lesser Ionic)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for greater Ionic

Ionic

adj.

"pertaining to Ionia," 1570s of music; 1580s of architecture, from Latin Ionicus, from Greek Ionikos (see Ionian).

ionic

adj.

"pertaining to ions," 1890, from ion + -ic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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greater Ionic in Medicine

ionic i·on·ic (ī-ŏn'ĭk)
adj.
Of, containing, or involving an ion or ions.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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greater Ionic in Culture
Ionic [(eye-on-ik)]

One of the three main styles of Greek architecture (the others are Corinthian and Doric). The Ionic column is slender and finely fluted; its capital is in the shape of a scroll.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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