griper

gripe

[grahyp]
verb (used without object), griped, griping.
1.
Informal. to complain naggingly or constantly; grumble.
2.
to suffer pain in the bowels.
3.
Nautical. (of a sailing vessel) to tend to come into the wind; to be ardent.
verb (used with object), griped, griping.
4.
to seize and hold firmly; grip; grasp; clutch.
5.
to produce pain in (the bowels) as if by constriction.
6.
to distress or oppress.
7.
to annoy or irritate: His tone of voice gripes me.
8.
to grasp or clutch, as a miser.
9.
Nautical. to secure (a lifeboat) to a deck or against a pudding boom on davits.
noun
10.
the act of gripping, grasping, or clutching.
11.
Informal. a nagging complaint.
12.
a firm hold; clutch.
13.
a grasp; hold; control.
14.
something that grips or clutches; a claw or grip.
15.
Nautical.
a.
a lashing or chain by which a boat is secured to a deck or in position on davits.
b.
Also called gripe piece. a curved timber connecting the stem or cutwater of a wooden hull with the keel.
c.
the exterior angle or curve formed by this piece; forefoot.
d.
the forward end of the dished keel of a metal hull.
16.
a handle, hilt, etc.
17.
Usually, gripes. Pathology. an intermittent spasmodic pain in the bowels.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English gripen, Old English grīpan; cognate with Dutch grijpen, German griefen; see grip, grope

griper, noun
gripeful, adjective
gripingly, adverb

grip, gripe, grippe.


1. whine, mutter, carp, rail, bellyache.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gripe (ɡraɪp)
 
vb
1.  informal (intr) to complain, esp in a persistent nagging manner
2.  to cause sudden intense pain in the intestines of (a person) or (of a person) to experience this pain
3.  (intr) nautical (of a ship) to tend to come up into the wind in spite of the helm
4.  archaic to clutch; grasp
5.  archaic (tr) to afflict
 
n
6.  (usually plural) a sudden intense pain in the intestines; colic
7.  informal a complaint or grievance
8.  rare
 a.  the act of gripping
 b.  a firm grip
 c.  a device that grips
9.  (in plural) nautical the lashings that secure a boat
 
[Old English grīpan; related to Gothic greipan, Old High German grīfan to seize, Lithuanian greibiu]
 
'griper
 
n
 
'gripingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gripe
O.E. gripan "grasp at, lay hold," from P.Gmc. *gripanan (cf. O.S. gripan, O.N. gripa, Du. grijpen, Goth. greifen "to seize"), from PIE base *ghrib- (cf. Lith. griebiu "to seize"). Figurative sense of "complain, grouse" is first attested 1932, probably from earlier meaning "gripping pain in the bowels"
(1601).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gripe (grīp)
v. griped, grip·ing, gripes
To have sharp pains in the bowels. n.

  1. gripes Sharp, spasmodic pains in the bowels.

  2. A firm hold; a grasp.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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