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name applied to five exclusive northeastern residential suburbs of Detroit in Wayne and Macomb counties, southeastern Michigan, U.S. Situated along the southwestern shore of Lake St. Clair and known as the "Gold Coast," they comprise the cities of Grosse Pointe Park (incorporated village, 1907; city, 1950), Grosse Pointe (1880; 1934), Grosse Pointe Farms (1893; 1949), and Grosse Pointe Woods (1926; 1950), and the village of Grosse Pointe Shores (1911). The French, who defeated a group of Fox and Sauk Indians in the Grosse Pointe Park area (1712), established ribbon farms along the swampy shore that became part of Grosse Pointe township (organized in 1848 and named for a point of land projecting into the lake). The area was developed by wealthy Detroiters as a place for their summer homes. Later, notable Michigan industrialists such as Edsel Ford built large lakefront estates there. The Alger House, former home of Packard Motor Company founder Russell A. Alger, Jr., is now the Grosse Pointe War Memorial. Pop. (2000) 47,780; (2005 est.) 45,681.