grudge

[gruhj]
noun
1.
a feeling of ill will or resentment: to hold a grudge against a former opponent.
adjective
2.
done, arranged, etc., in order to settle a grudge: The middleweight fight was said to be a grudge match.
verb (used with object), grudged, grudging.
3.
to give or permit with reluctance; submit to unwillingly: The other team grudged us every point we scored.
4.
to resent the good fortune of (another); begrudge.
verb (used without object), grudged, grudging.
5.
Obsolete. to feel dissatisfaction or ill will.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English grudgen, gruggen, variant of gruchen < Old French gro(u)c(h)ier < Germanic; compare Middle High German grogezen to complain, cry out

grudgeless, adjective
grudger, noun
ungrudged, adjective


1. bitterness, rancor, malevolence, enmity, hatred. Grudge, malice, spite refer to ill will held against another or others. A grudge is a feeling of resentment harbored because of some real or fancied wrong: to hold a grudge because of jealousy; She has a grudge against him. Malice is the state of mind that delights in doing harm, or seeing harm done, to others, whether expressing itself in an attempt seriously to injure or merely in sardonic humor: malice in watching someone's embarrassment; to tell lies about someone out of malice. Spite is petty, and often sudden, resentment that manifests itself usually in trifling retaliations: to reveal a secret out of spite. 4. envy.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
grudge (ɡrʌdʒ)
 
n
1.  a persistent feeling of resentment, esp one due to some cause, such as an insult or injury
2.  (modifier) planned or carried out in order to settle a grudge: a grudge fight
 
vb
3.  (tr) to give or allow unwillingly
4.  to feel resentful or envious about (someone else's success, possessions, etc)
 
[C15: from Old French grouchier to grumble, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German grunnizōn to grunt]
 
'grudgeless
 
adj
 
'grudger
 
n
 
'grudging
 
adj
 
'grudgingly
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

grudge
mid-15c., grucchen, from O.Fr. groucher "to murmur, to grumble," of unknown origin, probably ultimately imitative. Related: Grudging; grudgingly. The noun is late 15c., from the verb.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
She knows each hippo's temperament, social status, family history and grudges.
But if you hold grudges in this line of work, you're never going to get
  anything done.
She's smiling when she says it, a half smile, some grudges mixed in with this
  late-term affability.
Ask about the chair's personality and how he handles grudges.
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