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gudgeon1

[guhj-uh n] /ˈgʌdʒ ən/
noun
1.
a small, European, freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, of the minnow family, having a threadlike barbel at each corner of the mouth, used as bait.
2.
any of certain related fishes.
3.
a person who is easily duped or cheated.
4.
a bait or allurement.
verb (used with object)
5.
to dupe or cheat.
Origin of gudgeon1
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English gogion < Old French go(u)jon < Latin gōbiōn- (stem of gōbiō), variant of gobius. See goby

gudgeon2

[guhj-uh n] /ˈgʌdʒ ən/
noun
1.
Machinery. a trunnion.
2.
a socket for the pintle of a hinge.
3.
Nautical. a socket attached to the stern frame of a vessel, for holding the pintle of a rudder.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English gudyon < Old French go(u)jon, perhaps ultimately < Late Latin gu(l)bia a chisel; see gouge
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for gudgeon
Historical Examples
  • Dick seized the line, and as the gudgeon swam off he dropped the bladder over the side, and it was slowly towed away.

    Dick o' the Fens George Manville Fenn
  • I checked her from stem to gudgeon and you lay over her like a circus tent.

    The Galaxy Primes Edward Elmer Smith
  • But the gudgeon looked at him with his great eyes, and asked, "Have you got good teeth?"

    Old Peter's Russian Tales Arthur Ransome
  • The teeth find the fat, the shark finds the gudgeon invariably.

    Nasby in Exile David R. Locke
  • The base is the same but the mast turns on a gudgeon stepped into an iron socket mortised into the center timber.

    Farm Mechanics Herbert A. Shearer
  • "I am not ashamed to say that we were poor once," said Mr. gudgeon, with a glow of pride.

    Round the Block John Bell Bouton
  • Well, Clay returned, theres a gudgeon up on shore that evidently wants to get hold of your hook, and you with it.

  • Why should you work for me for nothing, when I am not willing to do the same thing for Mrs. gudgeon?

    Round the Block John Bell Bouton
  • The gudgeon pin is hardened, ground and secured in connecting rod, and is allowed to work in piston.

    Aviation Engines Victor Wilfred Pag
  • But the gudgeon and the troutling were terrified at the notion of bigger fishes, and made straight for the weeds.

    "Wee Tim'rous Beasties" Douglas English
British Dictionary definitions for gudgeon

gudgeon1

/ˈɡʌdʒən/
noun
1.
a small slender European freshwater cyprinid fish, Gobio gobio, with a barbel on each side of the mouth: used as bait by anglers
2.
any of various other fishes, such as the goby
3.
bait or enticement
4.
(slang) a person who is easy to trick or cheat
verb
5.
(transitive) (slang) to trick or cheat
Word Origin
C15: from Old French gougon, probably from Latin gōbius; see goby

gudgeon2

/ˈɡʌdʒən/
noun
1.
  1. a pivot at the end of a beam or axle
  2. the female or socket portion of a pinned hinge
2.
(nautical) one of two or more looplike sockets, fixed to the transom of a boat, into which the pintles of a rudder are fitted
Word Origin
C14: from Old French goujon, perhaps from Late Latin gulbia chisel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gudgeon
n.

small freshwater fish, early 15c., from Middle French goujon, from Old French gojon (14c.), from Latin gobionem (nominative gobio), alteration of gobius, from Greek kobios, a kind of fish, of unknown origin. The figurative sense of "a credulous person" (one who will "bite" at "bait") is from 1580s.

"pivot on the end of a beam," c.1400, from Old French gojon "pin, peg, spike" (13c.), perhaps somehow an altered sense of gudgeon (n.1).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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