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gudgeon1

[guhj-uh n] /ˈgʌdʒ ən/
noun
1.
a small, European, freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, of the minnow family, having a threadlike barbel at each corner of the mouth, used as bait.
2.
any of certain related fishes.
3.
a person who is easily duped or cheated.
4.
a bait or allurement.
verb (used with object)
5.
to dupe or cheat.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English gogion < Old French go(u)jon < Latin gōbiōn- (stem of gōbiō), variant of gobius. See goby

gudgeon2

[guhj-uh n] /ˈgʌdʒ ən/
noun
1.
Machinery. a trunnion.
2.
a socket for the pintle of a hinge.
3.
Nautical. a socket attached to the stern frame of a vessel, for holding the pintle of a rudder.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English gudyon < Old French go(u)jon, perhaps ultimately < Late Latin gu(l)bia a chisel; see gouge
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gudgeon
  • Coarse fish swam in them: pike and carp, tench and bream, and so on down to the tiny dace and gudgeon.
  • Archaeologists are holding a bronze gudgeon and pintle.
British Dictionary definitions for gudgeon

gudgeon1

/ˈɡʌdʒən/
noun
1.
a small slender European freshwater cyprinid fish, Gobio gobio, with a barbel on each side of the mouth: used as bait by anglers
2.
any of various other fishes, such as the goby
3.
bait or enticement
4.
(slang) a person who is easy to trick or cheat
verb
5.
(transitive) (slang) to trick or cheat
Word Origin
C15: from Old French gougon, probably from Latin gōbius; see goby

gudgeon2

/ˈɡʌdʒən/
noun
1.
  1. a pivot at the end of a beam or axle
  2. the female or socket portion of a pinned hinge
2.
(nautical) one of two or more looplike sockets, fixed to the transom of a boat, into which the pintles of a rudder are fitted
Word Origin
C14: from Old French goujon, perhaps from Late Latin gulbia chisel
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gudgeon
n.

small freshwater fish, early 15c., from Middle French goujon, from Old French gojon (14c.), from Latin gobionem (nominative gobio), alteration of gobius, from Greek kobios, a kind of fish, of unknown origin. The figurative sense of "a credulous person" (one who will "bite" at "bait") is from 1580s.

"pivot on the end of a beam," c.1400, from Old French gojon "pin, peg, spike" (13c.), perhaps somehow an altered sense of gudgeon (n.1).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for gudgeon

(species Gobio gobio), common small fish of the carp family, Cyprinidae, found in clear, fresh waters of Europe and northern Asia. A grayish or greenish fish, the gudgeon has a barbel at each corner of its mouth and a row of blackish spots along each side. Rarely exceeding a length of 20 cm (8 inches), it lives in schools and feeds mainly on small animals. It is edible and is used as fish bait.

Learn more about gudgeon with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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