city, northeastern Karnataka (formerly Mysore) state, India. Originally included in the territory of the Kakatiyas of Warangal, the city was annexed to the sultanate of Delhi in the early 14th century, first by the general Ulugh Khan and then by the sultan Muhammad ibn Tughluq. After the sultan's death, it fell to the Bahmani kingdom (of which it was the capital between 1347 and c. 1424) and, upon the breakup of that power, to Bijapur. With the conquest of the Deccan by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in the 17th century, it was again included in the sultanate of Delhi, but it was separated from Delhi by the establishment of Hyderabad state in the early 18th century.
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