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gymnasium1

[jim-ney-zee-uh m] /dʒɪmˈneɪ zi əm/
noun, plural gymnasiums, gymnasia
[jim-ney-zee-uh, -zhuh] /dʒɪmˈneɪ zi ə, -ʒə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a building or room designed and equipped for indoor sports, exercise, or physical education.
2.
a place where Greek youths met for exercise and discussion.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Latin: a public school for gymnastics < Greek gymnásion gymnastic school (derivative of gymnázein to train in the nude
Related forms
gymnasial, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gymnasial

gymnasium

/dʒɪmˈneɪzɪəm/
noun (pl) -siums, -sia (-zɪə)
1.
a large room or hall equipped with bars, weights, ropes, etc, for games or physical training
2.
(in various European countries) a secondary school that prepares pupils for university
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: school for gymnastics, from Greek gumnasion, from gumnazein to exercise naked, from gumnos naked
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gymnasial

gymnasium

n.

1590s, "place of exercise," from Latin gymnasium "school for gymnastics," from Greek gymnasion "public place where athletic exercises are practiced; gymnastics school," in plural, "bodily exercises," from gymnazein "to exercise or train," literally or figuratively, literally "to train naked," from gymnos "naked" (see naked). Introduced to German 15c. as a name for "high school" (more or less paralleling a sense in Latin); in English it has remained purely athletic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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