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Rome

[rohm] /roʊm/
noun
1.
Harold (Jacob) 1908–1993, U.S. lyricist and composer.
2.
Italian Roma. a city in and the capital of Italy, in the central part, on the Tiber: ancient capital of the Roman Empire; site of Vatican City, seat of authority of the Roman Catholic Church.
3.
a city in central New York, E of Oneida Lake.
4.
a city in NW Georgia.
5.
the ancient Italian kingdom, republic, and empire whose capital was the city of Rome.
6.
the Roman Catholic Church.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for h j rome

Rome

/rəʊm/
noun
1.
the capital of Italy, on the River Tiber: includes the independent state of the Vatican City; traditionally founded by Romulus on the Palatine Hill in 753 bc, later spreading to six other hills east of the Tiber; capital of the Roman Empire; a great cultural and artistic centre, esp during the Renaissance. Pop: 2 546 804 (2001) Italian name Roma
2.
the Roman Empire
3.
the Roman Catholic Church or Roman Catholicism
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for h j rome
Rome
O.E., from O.Fr. Rome, from L. Roma, of uncertain origin. "The original Roma quadrata was the fortified enclosure on the Palatine hill," according to Tucker, who finds "no probability" in derivation from *sreu- "flow," and suggests the name is "most probably" from *urobsma (cf. urbs, robur) and otherwise, "but less likely" from *urosma "hill" (cf. Skt. varsman- "height, point," Lith. virsus "upper"). Another suggestion is that it is from Etruscan (cf. Rumon, former name of Tiber River). Common in proverbs, e.g. Rome was not buylt in one daye (1545), for when a man doth to Rome come, he must do as there is done (1599), All roads alike conduct to Rome (1806).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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h j rome in Culture

Rome definition


Capital of Italy, largest city in the country, and seat of the Roman Catholic Church (see Vatican City State; see also Vatican), located on the Tiber River in west-central Italy. Rome is one of the world's great centers of history, art, architecture, and religion.

Note: Rome was the capital of the Roman Republic (fourth century to first century b.c.) and the Roman Empire (first century b.c. to fifth century a.d.), whose domains, at their height, spread from Great Britain to present-day Iran and included all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.
Note: In a.d. 800, Rome again became associated with imperial power when Charlemagne was crowned there as the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
Note: Rome was proclaimed capital of Italy in 1871, after Italian forces took control of the city from the pope.
Note: It is called the “Eternal City.”
Note: “All roads lead to Rome” is a well-known proverb.
Note: Ancient Rome is often referred to as the “City of Seven Hills” because it was built on seven hills surrounded by a line of fortifications.
Note: Its landmarks include the Colosseum, the Appian Way, the Pantheon, the Forum, the Arch of Constantine, and Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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h j rome in the Bible

the most celebrated city in the world at the time of Christ. It is said to have been founded B.C. 753. When the New Testament was written, Rome was enriched and adorned with the spoils of the world, and contained a population estimated at 1,200,000, of which the half were slaves, and including representatives of nearly every nation then known. It was distinguished for its wealth and luxury and profligacy. The empire of which it was the capital had then reached its greatest prosperity. On the day of Pentecost there were in Jerusalem "strangers from Rome," who doubtless carried with them back to Rome tidings of that great day, and were instrumental in founding the church there. Paul was brought to this city a prisoner, where he remained for two years (Acts 28:30, 31) "in his own hired house." While here, Paul wrote his epistles to the Philippians, to the Ephesians, to the Colossians, to Philemon, and probably also to the Hebrews. He had during these years for companions Luke and Aristarchus (Acts 27:2), Timothy (Phil. 1:1; Col. 1:1), Tychicus (Eph. 6: 21), Epaphroditus (Phil. 4:18), and John Mark (Col. 4:10). (See PAUL.) Beneath this city are extensive galleries, called "catacombs," which were used from about the time of the apostles (one of the inscriptions found in them bears the date A.D. 71) for some three hundred years as places of refuge in the time of persecution, and also of worship and burial. About four thousand inscriptions have been found in the catacombs. These give an interesting insight into the history of the church at Rome down to the time of Constantine.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with h j rome
In addition to the idiom beginning with
Rome
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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