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Bessemer

[bes-uh-mer] /ˈbɛs ə mər/
noun
1.
Sir Henry, 1813–98, English engineer: inventor of the Bessemer process.
2.
a city in central Alabama.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin and History for h. bessemer

Bessemer

in reference to the process for decarbonizing and desiliconizing pig iron by passing air through the molten metal, 1856, named for engineer and inventor Sir Harry Bessemer (1813-1898) who invented it.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for h. bessemer

Bessemer

city, Jefferson county, north-central Alabama, U.S., about 15 miles (25 km) southwest of downtown Birmingham in the foothills of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Named for inventor and engineer Sir Henry Bessemer, it was founded on the site of Fort Jonesboro in 1887 by Henry F. DeBardeleben, a local coal and iron baron who built the first steel plant in the area. The city was planned as a steel centre, and its manufactures included railroad cars, pipe, structural materials, chemicals, and explosives. Service industries now dominate the city's economy, but the manufacture of metal products remains important. Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park is 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Bessemer and hosts the Southern Appalachian Dulcimer Festival in May. Inc. 1888. Pop. (1990) 33,497; (2000) 29,672.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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