h. read


[reed] .
George, 1733–98, American political leader: served in the Continental Congress 1774–77.
Sir Herbert, 1893–1968, English critic and poet.
a male given name: from an Old English word meaning “red.”
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World English Dictionary
read1 (riːd)
vb (when tr, often foll by out) , reads, reading, read
1.  to comprehend the meaning of (something written or printed) by looking at and interpreting the written or printed characters
2.  to be occupied in such an activity: he was reading all day
3.  to look at, interpret, and speak aloud (something written or printed): he read to us from the Bible
4.  (tr) to interpret the significance or meaning of through scrutiny and recognition: he read the sky and predicted rain; to read a map
5.  (tr) to interpret or understand the meaning of (signs, characters, etc) other than by visual means: to read Braille
6.  (tr) to have sufficient knowledge of (a language) to understand the written or printed word: do you read German?
7.  (tr) to discover or make out the true nature or mood of: to read someone's mind
8.  to interpret or understand (something read) in a specified way, or (of something read) to convey a particular meaning or impression: I read this speech as satire; this book reads well
9.  (tr) to adopt as a reading in a particular passage: for ``boon'' read ``bone''
10.  (intr) to have or contain a certain form or wording: the sentence reads as follows
11.  to undertake a course of study in (a subject): to read history; read for the bar
12.  to gain knowledge by reading: he read about the war
13.  (tr) to register, indicate, or show: the meter reads 100
14.  (tr) to bring or put into a specified condition by reading: to read a child to sleep
15.  (tr) to hear and understand, esp when using a two-way radio: we are reading you loud and clear
16.  computing Compare write to obtain (data) from a storage device, such as magnetic tape
17.  (tr) to understand (written or printed music) by interpretation of the notes on the staff and to be able to reproduce the musical sounds represented by these notes
18.  informal read a lesson, read a lecture to censure or reprimand, esp in a long-winded manner
19.  read between the lines to perceive or deduce a meaning that is hidden or implied rather than being openly stated
20.  informal (Austral) you wouldn't read about it an expression of dismay, disgust, or disbelief
21.  matter suitable for reading: this new book is a very good read
22.  the act of reading
[Old English rǣdan to advise, explain; related to Old Frisian rēda, Old High German rātan, Gothic garēdan]

read2 (rɛd)
1.  the past tense and past participle of read
2.  having knowledge gained from books (esp in the phrases widely read, well-read)
3.  take something as read to take something for granted as a fact; understand or presume

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. rædan (W.Saxon), redan (Anglian) "to explain, read, rule, advise" (related to ræd, red "advice"), from P.Gmc. *raedanan (cf. O.N. raða, O.Fris. reda, Du. raden, O.H.G. ratan, Ger. raten "to advise, counsel, guess"), from PIE base *rei- "to reason, count" (cf. Skt. radh- "to succeed,
accomplish," Gk. arithmos "number amount," O.C.S. raditi "to take thought, attend to," O.Ir. im-radim "to deliberate, consider"). Connected to riddle via notion of "interpret." Words from this root in most modern Gmc. languages still mean "counsel, advise." Transference to "understand the meaning of written symbols" is unique to O.E. and (perhaps under Eng. influence) O.N. raða. Most languages use a word rooted in the idea of "gather up" as their word for "read" (cf. Fr. lire, from L. legere). Sense of "make out the character of (a person)" is attested from 1611. The noun meaning "an act of reading" is recorded from 1825. Read up "study" is from 1842; read-only in computer jargon is recorded from 1961. O.E. ræda "advise, counsel" is in the name of Anglo-Saxon king Æðelræd II (968-1016), lit. "good counsel," and in his epithet Unræd, usually rendered into Mod.Eng. as Unready, but really meaning "no-counsel." Rede "counsel" survived in poetic usage to 17c. An attempted revival by Scott (19c.) failed, though it is used in Tolkien's "Lord of the Rings."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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