h. work

Collins
World English Dictionary
work (wɜːk)
 
n
1.  physical or mental effort directed towards doing or making something
2.  paid employment at a job or a trade, occupation, or profession
3.  a duty, task, or undertaking
4.  something done, made, etc, as a result of effort or exertion: a work of art
5.  materials or tasks on which to expend effort or exertion
6.  another word for workmanship
7.  the place, office, etc, where a person is employed
8.  any piece of material that is undergoing a manufacturing operation or process; workpiece
9.  a.  decoration or ornamentation, esp of a specified kind
 b.  (in combination): wirework; woolwork
10.  an engineering structure such as a bridge, building, etc
11.  physics W, Abbreviation: w the transfer of energy expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which its point of application moves in the direction of the force
12.  a structure, wall, etc, built or used as part of a fortification system
13.  at work
 a.  at one's job or place of employment
 b.  in action; operating
14.  informal make short work of to handle or dispose of very quickly
15.  (modifier) of, relating to, or used for work: work clothes; a work permit
 
vb (often foll by up)
16.  (intr) to exert effort in order to do, make, or perform something
17.  (intr) to be employed
18.  (tr) to carry on operations, activity, etc, in (a place or area): that salesman works the southern region
19.  (tr) to cause to labour or toil: he works his men hard
20.  to operate or cause to operate, esp properly or effectively: to work a lathe; that clock doesn't work
21.  (tr) to till or cultivate (land)
22.  to handle or manipulate or be handled or manipulated: to work dough
23.  to shape, form, or process or be shaped, formed, or processed: to work copper
24.  to reach or cause to reach a specific condition, esp gradually: the rope worked loose
25.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) (tr) to solve (a mathematical problem)
26.  (intr) to move in agitation: his face worked with anger
27.  to provoke or arouse: to work someone into a frenzy
28.  (tr) to effect or accomplish: to work one's revenge
29.  to make (one's way) with effort: he worked his way through the crowd
30.  (tr) to make or decorate by hand in embroidery, tapestry, etc: she was working a sampler
31.  (intr) (of a mechanism) to move in a loose or otherwise imperfect fashion
32.  (intr) (of liquids) to ferment, as in brewing
33.  informal (tr) to manipulate or exploit to one's own advantage
34.  slang (tr) to cheat or swindle
 
[Old English weorc (n), wircan, wyrcan (vb); related to Old High German wurchen, German wirken, Old Norse yrkja, Gothic waurkjan]
 
'workless
 
adj
 
'worklessness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

work
O.E. weorc, worc "something done, deed, action, proceeding, business, military fortification," from P.Gmc. *werkan (cf. O.S., O.Fris., Du. werk, O.N. verk, M.Du. warc, O.H.G. werah, Ger. Werk, Goth. gawaurki), from PIE base *werg- "to work" (see urge (v.)).
"Work is less boring than amusing oneself." [Baudelaire, "Mon Coeur mis a nu," 1862]
In O.E., the noun also had the sense of "fornication." Workhouse in the sense of "place where the poor or petty criminals are lodged" first appeared 1652. Works "industrial place" (usually with qualifying adj.) is attested from 1581. Work station is recorded from 1950.

work
a fusion of O.E. wyrcan (past tense worhte, pp. geworht), from P.Gmc. *wurkijanan; and O.E. wircan (Mercian) "to work, operate, function," formed relatively late from P.Gmc. noun *werkan (see work (n.)). Worker as a type of bee is recorded from 1747. Work out "do strenuous
physical exercise" first recorded 1909, originally in boxing jargon. Working-class first attested 1789 (n.), 1839 (adj.). Workmanlike "efficient, no-nonsense" is recorded from 1739.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
work  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (wûrk)  Pronunciation Key 
The transfer of energy from one object to another, especially in order to make the second object move in a certain direction. Work is equal to the amount of force multiplied by the distance over which it is applied. If a force of 10 newtons, for example, is applied over a distance of 3 meters, the work is equal to 30 newtons per meter, or 30 joules. The unit for measuring work is the same as that for energy in any system of units, since work is simply a transfer of energy. Compare energy, power.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

work definition


In physics, the product of a force applied, and the distance through which that force acts.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang Dictionary

work (oneself) definition


  1. tv.
    to work very hard and sweat very much. (In the way that a horse works up a lather.) : Don't work yourself up into a lather. We don't need to finish this today.
  2. tv.
    to get excited or angry. (An elaboration of work (oneself) up to.) : Now, now, don't work yourself up into a lather.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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work (so) definition


  1. tv.
    to threaten, intimidate, or beat someone. : Bruno had worked over Terry, and Sam knew that this was no idle threat.
  2. tv.
    to give someone's body a thorough examination or treatment. : The doctors worked her over to the tune of $1,500 but couldn't find anything wrong with her.
Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions by Richard A. Spears.Fourth Edition.
Copyright 2007. Published by McGraw-Hill Education.
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