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Garnet

[gahr-nit] /ˈgɑr nɪt/
noun
1.
Henry Highland, 1815–82, U.S. clergyman and abolitionist.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for h.h. garnet

garnet1

/ˈɡɑːnɪt/
noun
1.
any of a group of hard glassy red, yellow, or green minerals consisting of the silicates of calcium, iron, manganese, chromium, magnesium, and aluminium in cubic crystalline form: used as a gemstone and abrasive. Formula: A3B2(SiO4)3 where A is a divalent metal and B is a trivalent metal
Derived Forms
garnet-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French grenat, from grenat (adj) red, from pome grenatepomegranate

garnet2

/ˈɡɑːnɪt/
noun
1.
(nautical) a tackle used for lifting cargo
Word Origin
C15: probably from Middle Dutch garnaat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for h.h. garnet

garnet

n.

early 14c., metathesized from Old French grenat "garnet," originally an adjective, "of a dark red color," from Medieval Latin granatum, originally an adjective, "of dark red color," perhaps abstracted from pomegranate (q.v.), from the stone's resemblance either to the shape of the seeds or the color of the pulp. But perhaps the word is from Medieval Latin granum "grain," in its sense of "cochineal, red dye."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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h.h. garnet in Science
garnet
  (gär'nĭt)   
Any of several common red, brown, black, green, or yellow minerals having the general chemical formula A3B2SiO8, where A is either calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), or manganese (Mn) and B is either aluminum (Al), manganese, iron, chromium (Cr), or vanadium (V). Garnet crystals are dodecahedral in shape, transparent to semitransparent, and have a vitreous luster. They usually occur in metamorphic rocks but also occur in igneous and sedimentary rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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