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hackamore

[hak-uh-mawr, -mohr] /ˈhæk əˌmɔr, -ˌmoʊr/
noun
1.
a simple looped bridle, by means of which controlling pressure is exerted on the nose of a horse, used chiefly in breaking colts.
2.
Western U.S. any of several forms of halter used especially for breaking horses.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50, Americanism; alteration (by folk etymology) of Spanish jáquima headstall < Arabic shaqīmah
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for hackamore

hackamore

/ˈhækəˌmɔː/
noun
1.
(US & NZ) a rope or rawhide halter used for unbroken foals
Word Origin
C19: by folk etymology from Spanish jáquima headstall, from Old Spanish xaquima, from Arabic shaqīmah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for hackamore
n.

halter for breaking horses, 1850, American English, of uncertain origin. OED and Klein suggests a corruption of Spanish jaquima (earlier xaquima) "halter, headstall of a horse," which Klein suggests is from Arabic shakimah "bit of a bridle, curb, restraint."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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