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British politician (b. Oct. 9, 1907, London, Eng.-d. Oct. 12, 2001, London), between 1938 and 1987 served six Conservative governments in a variety of posts, most notably 12 years (1970-74, 1979-87) as lord high chancellor (head of the British judiciary), a position his father, Viscount Hailsham, had held in the 1920s. Hogg was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford, called to the bar in 1932, and took silk in 1953. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1938 but was forced to move to the House of Lords on his father's death (1950). A passionate and often eccentric politician, he was finally allowed in 1963 to relinquish the title 2nd Viscount Hailsham, which he had never wanted. He lost in his bid for Conservative Party leader that year but was reelected to the Commons. In 1970 he was granted his own peerage and returned to the Lords. When he retired in 1987, he was the longest-serving lord chancellor of the 20th century.