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from Arawak haiti "land of mountains," and probably originally the name of the whole island.
Note: With its extremely low average income and literacy rate, Haiti is the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere.
Note: In 1957, François (“Papa Doc”) Duvalier established a dictatorship; at his death in 1971, he was succeeded by his son, Jean Claude (“Baby Doc”), who was finally overthrown in 1986. Since then the government has changed several times through military coups. In 1994, U.S. troops arrived in Haiti in an effort to restore democratic government, however, the political and economic future of Haiti remains uncertain.