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Greek

[greek] /grik/
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to Greece, the Greeks, or their language.
2.
pertaining to the Greek Orthodox Church.
3.
noting or pertaining to the alphabetical script derived from a Semitic form of writing and employing some letters that originally represented consonants for vowel sounds, which was used from about the beginning of the first millennium b.c. for the writing of Greek, and from which the Latin, Cyrillic, and other alphabets were derived.
noun
4.
a native or inhabitant of Greece.
5.
the language of the ancient Greeks and any of the languages that have developed from it, as Hellenistic Greek, Biblical Greek, the Koine, and Modern Greek.
Abbreviation: Gk, Gk.
6.
Informal. anything unintelligible, as speech, writing, etc.:
This contract is Greek to me.
7.
a member of the Greek Church.
8.
Hellenic (def 3).
9.
a person who belongs to a Greek-letter fraternity or sorority.
10.
Archaic: Usually Offensive. a cheater, especially one who cheats at cards.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English Grēcas (plural) < Latin Graecī the Greeks (nominative plural of Graecus) < Greek Graikoí, plural of Graikós Greek
Related forms
Greekdom, noun
Greekish, adjective
anti-Greek, adjective, noun
half-Greek, adjective
non-Greek, adjective, noun
pre-Greek, adjective, noun
pro-Greek, adjective, noun
pseudo-Greek, adjective, noun
quasi-Greek, adjective
Usage note
The noun Greek in its archaic meaning of “cheater” is usually perceived as insulting to or by Greeks.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for half greek

Greek

/ɡriːk/
noun
1.
the official language of Greece, constituting the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages See Ancient Greek, Late Greek, Medieval Greek, Modern Greek
2.
a native or inhabitant of Greece or a descendant of such a native
3.
a member of the Greek Orthodox Church
4.
(informal) anything incomprehensible (esp in the phrase it's (all) Greek to me)
5.
Greek meets Greek, equals meet
adjective
6.
denoting, relating to, or characteristic of Greece, the Greeks, or the Greek language; Hellenic
7.
of, relating to, or designating the Greek Orthodox Church
Derived Forms
Greekness, noun
Word Origin
from Old English Grēcas (plural), or Latin Graecus, from Greek Graikos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for half greek

Greek

n.

Old English Grecas, Crecas (plural), early Germanic borrowing from Latin Graeci "the Hellenes," from Greek Grakoi. Aristotle, who was the first to use Graikhos as equivalent to Hellenes ("Meteorologica" I.xiv), wrote that it was the name originally used by Illyrians for the Dorians in Epirus, from Graii, native name of the people of Epirus.

But a modern theory (put forth by German classical historian Georg Busolt, 1850-1920), derives it from Graikhos "inhabitant of Graia" (literally "gray"), a town on the coast of Boeotia, which was the name given by the Romans to all Greeks, originally to the Greek colonists from Graia who helped found Cumae (9c. B.C.E.), the important city in southern Italy where the Latins first encountered Greeks. Under this theory, it was reborrowed in this general sense by the Greeks.

The Germanic languages originally borrowed the word with an initial -k- sound (cf. Old High German Chrech, Gothic Kreks), which probably was their initial sound closest to the Latin -g- at the time; the word was later refashioned.

It was subtle of God to learn Greek when he wished to become an author -- and not to learn it better. [Nietzsche, "Beyond Good and Evil," 1886]
Meaning "the Greek language" is from late 14c.; meaning "unintelligible speech, gibberish" is from c.1600. Meaning "Greek letter fraternity member" is student slang, 1900.

adj.

late 14c., from Greek (n.). Earlier Gregeis (c.1300), from Old French Gregois; also Greekish (Old English Grecisc). In venery, "anal," by 1970. Greek gift is from "Æneid," II.49: "timeo Danaos et dona ferentes."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for half greek

Greek

noun
  1. A Greek-letter fraternity member (1900+ College students)
  2. A professional gambler, esp a cardsharp (1528+ Gambling)
Related Terms

all greek to


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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half greek in the Bible

Found only in the New Testament, where a distinction is observed between "Greek" and "Grecian" (q.v.). The former is (1) a Greek by race (Acts 16:1-3; 18:17; Rom. 1:14), or (2) a Gentile as opposed to a Jew (Rom. 2:9, 10). The latter, meaning properly "one who speaks Greek," is a foreign Jew opposed to a home Jew who dwelt in Palestine. The word "Grecians" in Acts 11:20 should be "Greeks," denoting the heathen Greeks of that city, as rendered in the Revised Version according to the reading of the best manuscripts ("Hellenes").

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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10
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