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broken

[broh-kuh n] /ˈbroʊ kən/
verb
1.
past participle of break.
adjective
2.
reduced to fragments; fragmented.
3.
ruptured; torn; fractured.
4.
not functioning properly; out of working order.
5.
Meteorology. (of sky cover) being more than half, but not totally, covered by clouds.
Compare scattered (def 4).
6.
changing direction abruptly:
The fox ran in a broken line.
7.
fragmentary or incomplete:
a broken ton of coal weighing 1,500 pounds.
8.
infringed or violated:
A broken promise is a betrayal of trust.
9.
interrupted, disrupted, or disconnected:
After the phone call he returned to his broken sleep.
10.
weakened in strength, spirit, etc.:
His broken health was due to alcoholism.
11.
tamed, trained, or reduced to submission:
The horse was broken to the saddle.
12.
imperfectly spoken, as language:
She still speaks broken English.
13.
spoken in a halting or fragmentary manner, as under emotional strain:
He uttered a few broken words of sorrow.
14.
disunited or divided:
Divorce results in broken families.
15.
not smooth; rough or irregular:
We left the plains and rode through broken country.
16.
ruined; bankrupt:
the broken fortunes of his family.
17.
Papermaking, Printing. a quantity of paper of less than 500 or 1000 sheets.
Related forms
brokenly, adverb
brokenness, noun
half-broken, adjective
well-broken, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for half-broken
Historical Examples
  • The remaining animal was Emmy's son, a half-broken colt, whose only virtue was that he would not stray very far from his mother.

    Two on the Trail Hulbert Footner
  • You buy a lot of half-broken, bucking, balky teams because you can get 'em cheap.

    A California Girl Edward Eldridge
  • In the box were the half-broken blade and the handle of the sword with which the major had fought.

  • When I tried to get up at the half-broken place, I was overwhelmed by a shower of sand.

    At Plattsburg Allen French
  • As they passed the clump of bushes the near horse of the half-broken pair gave a catlike bound to the right against his tracemate.

    When A Man's A Man Harold Bell Wright
  • The line was singularly definite; there were no half-broken trees.

    The Onslaught from Rigel Fletcher Pratt
  • At the end of half an hour he reappeared, leading the two horses, himself mounted on a half-broken mustang.

    Devil's Ford Bret Harte
  • They come, too, with far less cunning than the half-broken gentry.

    Rural Rides William Cobbett
  • Sandy had his long rangy roans, and for leaders a pair of half-broken pinto bronchos.

    Black Rock Ralph Connor
  • Just in front, above, were old, half-broken houses of stone.

    Sea and Sardinia D. H. Lawrence
British Dictionary definitions for half-broken

broken

/ˈbrəʊkən/
verb
1.
the past participle of break
adjective
2.
fractured, smashed, or splintered: a broken vase
3.
imperfect or incomplete; fragmentary: a broken set of books
4.
interrupted; disturbed; disconnected: broken sleep
5.
intermittent or discontinuous: broken sunshine
6.
varying in direction or intensity, as of pitch: a broken note, a broken run
7.
not functioning: a broken radio
8.
spoilt or ruined by divorce (esp in the phrases broken home, broken marriage)
9.
(of a trust, promise, contract, etc) violated; infringed
10.
overcome with grief or disappointment: a broken heart
11.
(of the speech of a foreigner) imperfect in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation: broken English
12.
Also broken-in. made tame or disciplined by training: a broken horse, a broken recruit
13.
exhausted or weakened as through ill-health or misfortune
14.
confused or disorganized: broken ranks of soldiers
15.
breached or opened: broken defensive lines
16.
irregular or rough; uneven: broken ground
17.
bankrupt or out of money: a broken industry
18.
(of colour) having a multicoloured decorative effect, as by stippling paint onto a surface
19.
(South African, informal) drunk
Derived Forms
brokenly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for half-broken

broken

adj.

late 14c., past participle adjective from break (v.). Broken record in reference to someone continually repeating the same thing is from 1944, in reference to scratches on records that cause the needle to jump back and repeat.

When Britain's Minister of State, Selwyn Lloyd[,] became bored with a speech by Russia's Andrei Vishinsky in UN debate, he borrowed a Dizzy Gillespie bebop expression and commented: "Dig that broken record." While most translators pondered the meaning, a man who takes English and puts it into Chinese gave this translation: "Recover the phonograph record which you have discarded." ["Jet," Oct. 15, 1953]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for half

10
10
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