[ey-zhuhn, ey-shuhn]
of, belonging to, or characteristic of Asia or its inhabitants.
a native or inhabitant of Asia, or a person of Asian descent.

1555–65; < Latin Asiānus < Greek Asiānós. See Asia, -an

half-Asian, adjective, noun
non-Asian, adjective, noun
pro-Asian, adjective

Asian, Asiatic, oriental.

Asian is the most commonly used term referring to people in or from Asia, especially East Asia. In American English, Oriental as a noun or adjective applied to people is outdated and has become a sensitive term to be avoided. It is associated with a bygone era in which Asians had subordinate status and their culture was perceived as strange and exotic. Also, the origin of the term Oriental represents a Eurocentric view of geography, since the Orient, or East, is east of Europe.
However, Oriental is a neutral, inoffensive term when used as an adjective describing Asian culture or things from Asia. Similarly, the term Asiatic is usually offensive when referring to people, but neutral when referring to Asian culture, animals, etc. Though Asian is an acceptable ethnic designation in most contexts, it is best to be as specific as possible, rather than to group all Asians into a single cultural identity. In general, people of South, Southeast, and East Asian origin prefer to be identified by their country of origin: for example, Indian, Pakistani, Indonesian, Korean, Japanese, or Chinese. The people of the Middle or Near East and Polynesia are not referred to as Asian.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Asian (ˈeɪʃən, ˈeɪʒən)
1.  of or relating to Asia or to any of its peoples or languages
2.  (Brit) of or relating to natives of the Indian subcontinent or any of their descendants, esp when living in Britain
3.  a native or inhabitant of Asia or a descendant of one
4.  (Brit) a native of the Indian subcontinent or a descendant of one
usage  To refer to someone from the Indian subcontinent as an Asian is potentially offensive and should be avoided. If you are talking about one specific group, it is better to say so, for instance people of Indian descent

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1560s, from L. Asianus (adj. and n. "belonging to the province of Asia," "an inhabitant of Asia"), from Gk. Asianos, from Asia (see Asia). Ousted Asiatic as the preferred term in Britain c.1950.
"The term 'Asiatic' has come to be regarded with disfavour by those to whom it is applied, and they feel entitled to be brought into line with usage in regard to Europeans, Americans and Australians." ["Times Literary Supplement," Feb. 6, 1953]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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