halfhessian

Hessian

[hesh-uhn]
adjective
1.
of or pertaining to the state of Hesse or its inhabitants.
noun
2.
a native or inhabitant of Hesse.
3.
a Hessian mercenary used by England during the american revolution.
4.
a hireling or ruffian.
5.
(lowercase) burlap.
6.
Also called Hessian andiron. (in the U.S.) an andiron having as an upright the figure of a Hessian soldier of the Revolutionary War.

Origin:
1670–80; Hesse, Germany + -ian

half-Hessian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
hessian (ˈhɛsɪən)
 
n
a coarse jute fabric similar to sacking, used for bags, upholstery, etc
 
[C18: from Hesse + -ian]

Hessian (ˈhɛsɪən)
 
n
1.  a native or inhabitant of Hesse
2.  a.  a Hessian soldier in any of the mercenary units of the British Army in the War of American Independence or the Napoleonic Wars
 b.  (US) any German mercenary in the British Army during the War of American Independence
3.  chiefly (US) a mercenary or ruffian
 
adj
4.  of or relating to Hesse or its inhabitants

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Hessian
from former Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel, western Germany; its soldiers being hired out by the ruler to fight for other countries, especially the British during the American Revolution, the name (unjustly) became synonymous with "mercenary." Hessian fly (Cecidomyia destructor) was a destructive parasite
the ravaged U.S. crops late 18c., so named in erroneous belief that it was carried into America by the Hessians.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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