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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

rot

[rot] /rɒt/
verb (used without object), rotted, rotting.
1.
to undergo decomposition; decay.
2.
to deteriorate, disintegrate, fall, or become weak due to decay (often followed by away, from, off, etc.).
3.
to languish, as in confinement.
4.
to become morally corrupt or offensive.
verb (used with object), rotted, rotting.
5.
to cause to rot:
Dampness rots wood.
6.
to cause moral decay in; cause to become morally corrupt.
7.
to ret (flax, hemp, etc.).
noun
8.
the process of rotting.
9.
the state of being rotten; decay; putrefaction:
the rot of an old house.
10.
rotting or rotten matter:
the rot and waste of a swamp.
11.
moral or social decay or corruption.
12.
Pathology. any disease characterized by decay.
13.
Plant Pathology.
  1. any of various forms of decay produced by fungi or bacteria.
  2. any disease so characterized.
14.
Veterinary Pathology. a bacterial infection of sheep and cattle characterized by decay of the hoofs, caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum in cattle and Bacteroides nodosus in sheep.
15.
interjection
16.
(used to express disagreement, distaste, or disgust.)
Origin
900
before 900; (v.) Middle English rot(t)en, Old English rotian, cognate with Frisian rotsje, Dutch rotten; (noun) Middle English, perhaps < Old Norse rot (perhaps partly derivative of the v.); cf. ret, rotten)
Related forms
half-rotted, adjective
unrotted, adjective
Synonyms
1. mold, molder, putrefy, spoil. See decay. 9. decomposition, mold.
Antonyms
4, 6. purify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for halfrotted

rot1

/rɒt/
verb rots, rotting, rotted
1.
to decay or cause to decay as a result of bacterial or fungal action
2.
(intransitive; usually foll by off or away) to fall or crumble (off) or break (away), as from natural decay, corrosive action, or long use
3.
(intransitive) to become weak, debilitated, or depressed through inertia, confinement, etc; languish: rotting in prison
4.
to become or cause to become morally corrupt or degenerate
5.
(transitive) (textiles) another word for ret
noun
6.
the process of rotting or the state of being rotten
7.
something decomposed, disintegrated, or degenerate related adjective putrid
8.
short for dry rot
9.
(pathol) any putrefactive decomposition of tissues
10.
a condition in plants characterized by breakdown and decay of tissues, caused by bacteria, fungi, etc
11.
(vet science) a contagious fungal disease of the feet of sheep characterized by inflammation, swelling, a foul-smelling discharge, and lameness
12.
(also interjection) nonsense; rubbish
Word Origin
Old English rotian (vb); related to Old Norse rotna. C13 (noun), from Scandinavian

rot2

abbreviation
1.
rotation (of a mathematical function)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for halfrotted

rot

v.

Old English rotian "to decay, putrefy," from Proto-Germanic *rutjan (cf. Old Saxon roton, Old Norse rotna, Old Frisian rotia, Middle Dutch roten, Dutch rotten, Old High German rozzen "to rot," German rößen "to steep flax"), from stem *rut-. Related: Rotted; rotting.

n.

early 14c., from rot (v.) or of Scandinavian origin (cf. Icelandic rot, Swedish röta, Danish røde "decay, putrefaction"), from the root of the verb. Slang noun sense of "rubbish, trash" is from 1848.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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halfrotted in Science
rot
  (rŏt)   
Verb  To undergo decomposition, especially organic decomposition; decay.

Noun  Any of several plant diseases characterized by the breakdown of tissue and caused by various bacteria or fungi.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for halfrotted

rot

noun

Nonsense; baloney, bullshit (1848+)

verb

To be deplorable, nasty, inept, bungled, etc; stink, suck: This idea of yours rots (1960s+ Teenagers)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Related Abbreviations for halfrotted

ROT

  1. registered options trader
  2. right occipitotransverse (position)
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for halfrotted

rot

any of several plant diseases, caused by any of hundreds of species of soil-borne bacteria and fungi. They are characterized by plant decomposition and putrefaction. The decay may be hard, dry, spongy, watery, mushy, or slimy and may affect any plant part

Learn more about rot with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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