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halobacteria

[hal-oh-bak-teer-ee-uh] /ˌhæl oʊ bækˈtɪər i ə/
plural noun, singular halobacterium
[hal-oh-bak-teer-ee-uh m] /ˌhæl oʊ bækˈtɪər i əm/ (Show IPA)
1.
rod-shaped archaebacteria, as of the genera Halobacterium and Halococcus, occurring in saline environments as the Dead Sea, salt flats, and brine, and using the pigment bacteriorhodopsin rather than chlorophyll for photosynthesis.
Also called halobacters
[hal-oh-bak-terz] /ˈhæl oʊˌbæk tərz/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1975-1980
1975-80; halo- + bacteria; compare New Latin Halobacterium a genus of such bacteria
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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