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hamstring

[ham-string] /ˈhæmˌstrɪŋ/
noun
1.
(in humans and other primates) any of the tendons that bound the ham of the knee.
2.
(in quadrupeds) the great tendon at the back of the hock.
verb (used with object), hamstrung, hamstringing.
3.
to disable by cutting the hamstring or hamstrings; cripple.
4.
to render powerless or useless; thwart:
Their efforts were hamstrung by stubborn pride.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; ham1 + string
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ham strung

hamstring

/ˈhæmˌstrɪŋ/
noun
1.
(anatomy) any of the tendons at the back of the knee related adjective popliteal
2.
the large tendon at the back of the hock in the hind leg of a horse, etc
verb (transitive) -strings, -stringing, -strung
3.
to cripple by cutting the hamstring of
4.
to ruin or thwart
Word Origin
C16: ham1 + string
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ham strung

hamstring

v.

1640s, "to disable, render useless," a figurative verbal extension from the noun hamstring "tendon at the back of the knee" (1560s), from ham "bend of the knee" (see ham (n.1)) + string. Cutting this would render a person or animal lame. Related: Hamstrung.

[I]n hamstring, -string is not the verb string; we do not string the ham, but do something to the tendon called the hamstring; the verb, that is, is made not from the two words ham & string, but from the noun hamstring. It must therefore make hamstringed. [Fowler]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ham strung in Medicine

hamstring ham·string (hām'strĭng')
n.

  1. Any of the tendons at the rear hollow of the human knee.

  2. hamstrings The hamstring muscle.

  3. The large tendon in the back of the hind tarsal joint of the quadruped.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ham strung in Science
hamstring
  (hām'strĭng')   
A powerful group of muscles at the back of the thigh that arise in the hip and pelvis and insert as strong tendons behind the knee. The hamstring bends the knee and helps to straighten the hip.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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