Ham-burg steak

hamburger

[ham-bur-ger]
noun
1.
a sandwich consisting of a cooked patty of ground or chopped beef, usually in a roll or bun, variously garnished.
2.
ground or chopped beef.
3.
Also called Hamburg steak. a patty of ground or chopped beef, seasoned and fried or broiled.
Also, hamburg [ham-burg] .
Also called beefburger.


Origin:
1885–90; short for Hamburger steak; see -er1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
hamburger or hamburg (ˈhæmˌbɜːɡə)
 
n
Hamburger steak, Also called: beefburger a flat fried cake of minced beef, often served in a bread roll
 
[C20: shortened from Hamburger steak (that is, steak in the fashion of Hamburg)]
 
hamburg or hamburg
 
n
 
[C20: shortened from Hamburger steak (that is, steak in the fashion of Hamburg)]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

hamburger
1889, hamburg steak, from the Ger. city of Hamburg, though no certain connection has ever been put forth, and there may not be one beyond that of Hamburg being a major port of departure for Ger. immigrants to U.S. Shortened form burger attested from 1939; beefburger was attempted 1940, in an attempt
to make the main ingredient more explicit, after the -burger had taken on a life of its own as a suffix (cf. cheeseburger, first attested 1938).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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